biryani masala

Biryani Masala Recipe (Homemade Biryani Powder)

Biryani masala is a blend of spices that is used to flavor biryani, a popular Indian rice dish. The exact ingredients and proportions used can vary depending on the region and the cook, but common ingredients include cumin, coriander, cardamom, cinnamon, cloves, bay leaves, black pepper, and nutmeg.

To make this masala, whole spices are typically toasted and ground into a fine powder. Some cooks may also use pre-ground spices for convenience, but toasting the spices can enhance their flavor.

Biryani masala is an essential ingredient in making biryani, and it can also be used to flavor other rice dishes or curries. It is readily available in Indian grocery stores and can also be made at home with the right combination of spices.

Ingredients for Biryani Masala:

  • 2 tablespoons cumin seeds
  • 2 tablespoons coriander seeds
  • 1 tablespoon cardamom pods
  • 1 cinnamon stick
  • 1 teaspoon whole cloves
  • 2 bay leaves
  • 1 teaspoon black peppercorns
  • 1 teaspoon nutmeg

Instructions for Biryani Masala:

  1. In a dry skillet or pan, toast the cumin seeds, coriander seeds, cardamom pods, cinnamon stick, cloves, bay leaves, and black peppercorns over medium heat for 2-3 minutes or until fragrant. Be careful not to burn the spices.
  2. Remove the spices from the heat and let them cool for a few minutes. Once cooled, add the nutmeg to the spice mixture.
  3. Grind the spice mixture into a fine powder using a spice grinder, blender or mortar and pestle.
  4. Store the biryani masala in an airtight container in a cool, dry place.

Tips and Variations

  • You can adjust the quantities of each spice according to your taste.
  • This recipe makes about 4-5 tablespoons of biryani masala. Use as needed to flavor your biryani or other Indian dishes.
  • Toasting the whole spices before grinding them can really enhance the flavor of the masala. However, be careful not to burn the spices, as this can make them bitter.
  • You can use pre-ground spices if you don’t have whole spices on hand, but the flavor won’t be as intense as freshly ground spices.
  • Use high-quality spices for the best flavor. It’s worth investing in good quality spices as they can make a big difference in the final flavor.
  • Adjust the quantities of each spice according to your taste. If you prefer a stronger flavor of one spice, increase its quantity and decrease the amount of another spice.
  • Use the masala not only for biryani but also for other rice dishes, curries, and stews to add depth and complexity to the flavors.

Serving Suggestions

  1. Biryani masala is the key ingredient in biryani, a popular Indian rice dish. Use the masala to flavor the rice and meat or vegetables in your biryani recipe. Use biryani masala to flavor other rice dishes, such as pulao or fried rice.
  2. Add a teaspoon or two of biryani masala to your curries and stews for extra depth and complexity of flavor. Use the masala as a dry rub for grilled meats or vegetables for a delicious and aromatic flavor.
  3. Sprinkle a little the masala on roasted nuts, popcorn, or roasted chickpeas for a tasty and flavorful snack.


  • Can I use store-bought biryani masala instead of making my own?

Yes, you can use store-bought masala instead of making your own. However, homemade biryani masala can have a more intense and fresher flavor.

  • How long can I store it?

You can store the masala in an airtight container in a cool, dry place for up to 6 months. After that, the flavor may start to deteriorate.

  • Can I adjust the spice according to my taste?

Yes, you can adjust the quantities of each spice in the recipe according to your taste preferences.

  • Is biryani masala spicy?

It can be spicy, depending on the quantity of black peppercorns and red chili powder used. You can adjust the quantity of these spices according to your desired level of heat.

  • Can I use biryani masala in vegetarian dishes?

Yes, the masala can be used in vegetarian dishes. It pairs well with vegetables, lentils, and beans.

  • Can I use biryani masala in non-Indian dishes?

The masala has a distinct Indian flavor profile, but you can experiment with using it in non-Indian dishes to add some spice and complexity to the flavors.

biryani masala


Calories 180kcal
Fat 2g
Carbohydrates 34g
Protein 6g
Vitamin A
Vitamin C
Calcium 198mg

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